In January Gay-Lussac and Thenard developed the pioneer work of Lavoisier on the quantitative combustion analysis of organic compounds. However, Davy was able to prove the fact that there was no oxygen in "oxymuriatic acid" as the two of them claimed, and was able to sway the scientific community to the opinion that it was, indeed, an element. That his work of January with Humboldt led naturally to the law of combining volumes may be logically true but historically the connection is less direct. Austrian meteorologist Julius von Hann, working with data from balloon…. In , a year after Gay-Lussac's return to France, Berthollet established a society of scientists called the Societe d'Aucuiel. Direct determination presented practical difficulties, because sulfites are easily oxidized by the atmosphere to sulfates. In , together with his friend and scientific collaborator Alexander von Humboldt, and based on the samples of the atmosphere he had taken during a balloon ascent, he discovered that the basic composition of the atmosphere does not change with increasing altitude.
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline
The magnetic observations, though imperfect, led him to the conclusion that the magnetic effect at all attainable elevations above the earth's surface remains constant; and on analyzing the samples of air he could find no difference of composition at different heights. The problem with all previous experiments was that they were contaminated with water vapor. This was later to have significance for the law of conservation of energy. Later experiments with boron trifluoride and ammonia produced spectacularly dense fumes and led him to investigate similar reactions, such as that between hydrogen chloride and ammonia, which combine in equal volumes to form ammonium chloride. His father was arrested as a suspect and imprisoned from to
But then he ran into "ego" problems. Four Centuries of Clinical Chemistry. Surface tension Capillary action. But his last great piece of pure research was on prussic acid.
The flasks were then connected with a lead pipe, the taps opened, and the readings of the thermometers carefully noted. He found that an increase in a gases temperature would cause an increase in that gas' volume. Thank you for your feedback. Gay-Lussac spent the majority of his time experimenting with the properties of gases, such as capillarity, hygrometry, and vapor tension. They prepared two mixtures of chlorine and hydrogen; one was placed in darkness and the other in feeble sunlight. He was one of the greatest chemists in Europe at the time.